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Regarded as the center of the world in many religions especially among the Judeo-Christians and is the only city that will remain after Judgment day. Jerusalem is an ancient Middle Eastern city and dates back 3000 years before Christ. This city is under international and religious dispute but is the holiest city among Jews, with special significance among the Christians and Muslims (

Jerusalem is between 650-840 meters above sea level with the following coordinates:

34° 46' 38'' N; 35°13'18'' E (

Figure 2.1: Represent the Middle East Region, which include the Negev Plain, Africa and the Arabian Peninsula.

Figure 2.2: Jerusalem, the capital of Israel and the so called center of the World

Figure 2.3: Jerusalem, the capital of Israel

Figure 2.4: A different view of Jerusalem