Formerly known as Yathrib, Medina is the second holiest place of Islam. Medina which means, "city of the prophet" or "the radiant city" is the city where Muhammad is from. This city is widely renowned for its green dome - mosque which also is the oldest mosque in the world. The modern mosque forms part with Muhammad's house (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Medina).
Figure 7.1: Medina on the Arabian Peninsula.
Figure 7.2: Medina, only 400 km from Mecca, which is to the South
Figure 7.3: The world renowned Green Dome forms the centre of Medina.
Figure 7.4: Medina from a different view, with the Arabian Desert in the background.