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Image taken from reference below

The Alps were formed through the convergence of the African and Eurasian tectonic plates. This process began some 90 million years ago when the African plate moved north and the ancient Tethys Ocean began to subduct under the Eurasian plate. The actual mountain building only took place between 33-15 million years ago, when the two continental plates started pushing into each other. Glaciation during the past two million years has shaped the Alps to what they are today. The highest point in the Alps is Mont Blanc in France, at 4807 meters. Several peaks are over 4000 meters high, with the Matterhorn maybe the most impressive.

Use these co-ordinates to get to Mont Blanc with Google Earth: 45.8305233647, 6.85405590458


Smithsonian Institution, multiple contributors. 2003. Earth. Pages 162-163 in Luhr JF, ed. Mountains and Volcanoes. New York: Dorling Kindersley Limited.